The dead and damaged cells release chemicals, which initiate an inflammatory response. Small blood vessels are damaged and opened up, producing bleeding within the tissue. All of these traumatic injuries cause damage to the cells that make up the soft tissues. In the body’s normal reaction, a small blood clot is formed in order to stop this bleeding and from this clot special cells (called fibroblasts) begin the healing process by laying down scar tissue.
A comprehensive warm-up programme has been found to decrease injuries in soccer.
Controversy has arisen at times when teams have made decisions that could threaten a players long-term health for short term gain. Injuries are a common occurrence in professional sports and most teams have a staff of Athletic Trainers and close connections to the medical community.
A bruise or contusion is damage to small blood vessels which causes bleeding within the tissues. The body’s response to these sports injuries is the same in the initial five day period immediay following the traumatic incident - inflammation. A muscle strain is a small tear of muscle fibers and a ligament sprain is a small tear of ligament tissue.
Sports injuries can be broadly classified as either traumatic or overuse injuries. These injuries range from bruises and muscle strains, to fractures and head injuries. Traumatic injuries account for most injuries in contact sports such as Football, Rugby, Australian rules football, Gaelic football and American football because of the dynamic and high collision nature of these sports.
Inflammation is characterized by pain, localized swelling, heat, redness and a loss of function.
The inflammatory stage is therefore the first phase of healing. However, too much of an inflammatory response in the early stage can mean that the healing process takes longer and a return to activity is delayed. The sports injury treatments are intended to minimize the inflammatory phase of an injury, so that the overall healing process is accelerated.
This can often cause a broken bone or torn ligament or tendon. Other types of injuries can be caused by a hard contact with something. For example, runner's knee is a painful condition generally associated with running, while tennis elbow is a form of repetitive stress injury at the elbow, although it does not often occur with tennis players. Sports injuries are injuries that occur to athletes in major sporting events. In many cases, these types of injuries are due to overuse of a part of the body when participating in a certain activity.
Sports medicine information